Entlassungen und Kündigungen in den Neuen Bundesländern: Austrittsmobilität auf dem ostdeutschen Arbeitsmarkt in den 1990er Jahren
Entlassungen und Kündigungen in den Neuen Bundesländern: Austrittsmobilität auf dem ostdeutschen Arbeitsmarkt in den 1990er Jahren. Gelsenkirchen: Inst. Arbeit und Technik. Graue Reihe des Instituts Arbeit und Technik, Nr. 2004-01
Brussig, Martin / Erlinghagen, Marcel
Based on the German socio-economic panel (GSOEP), this paper analyzes exit mobility in the East German labour market during the 1990s. After extremely turbulent years in the beginning (1990/91), exit rates declined but remained high compared to the West German labour market. Only a small fraction of all exits in East Germany is initiated by employees, indicating poor employment chances in East Germany. Exits, which are caused by public labour market policy, such as job creation schemes or early retirement, however, play a significant role. In contrast to West Germany, exit patterns in East Germany do not seem to be dependent on the business cycle. High exit rates are not matched by high entry rates. The results lead to the conclusion that the East German labour market – even 13 years after Germany's reunification – still shows striking differences to the West German labour market, not only as regards higher average unemployment rates, but also the different way the labour market operates.