Arbeitslosigkeit als Übergang zwischen Beschäftigung und Rente in Westdeutschland

Unemployment as a transition from employment to retirement in West Germany. Gelsenkirchen: Inst. Arbeit und Technik. Graue Reihe des Instituts Arbeit und Technik, Nr. 2002-05

Kalina, Thorsten / Knuth, Matthias


Over the past 25 years, unemployment has been growing continuously in West Germany. In this study, one of the reasons for growing unemployment is analysed: unemployment of the elderly in their transition from employment to retirement. First the different possibilities of transitions into retirement are explained within the framework of social security regulations. Taking this legal framework as starting-point, early retirement passages are then modelled with the IAB unemployment sub-sample. It will be shown that – due to the long duration of these unemployment episodes – early retirement contributed considerably to the rise of total unemployment. Early retirement patterns will be broken down by economic sub-sectors, establishment-size, gender, nationality, income, and skills level. It turns out that this kind of unemployment originates primarily from large-sized establishments in manufacturing and extractive industries, and it typically effects low skilled men. However, the multivariate analysis at the end of the paper will show that this only mirrors the employment structure of the industries from which early retirement originates: gender and skills level have little impact of their own.