Wissensteilung: Thünen-Vorlesung bei der Jahrestagung 2000 des Vereins für Sozialpolitik
Wissensteilung: Thünen-Vorlesung bei der Jahrestagung 2000 des Vereins für Sozialpolitik, Berlin, 20. September 2000. Gelsenkirchen: Inst. Arbeit und Technik. Graue Reihe des Instituts Arbeit und Technik, Nr. 2000-12
Friedrich A. Hayeks notion of division of knowledge arises new interest in an economy for which meanwhile knowledge represents the most important resource. Hayeks problem was how to use the knowledge scattered in society efficiently. That “everybody knows everything”, as neoclassical equilibrium theory assumes, does quite apparently not apply to reality. In Hayek’s solution the prices emerging by competition play the crucial role. They indicate to the individual agents what they can do expediently for their own advantage and also for society even if they only have a limited (implicit) knowledge. Yet which conditions must be fulfilled, that the agents are prepared to engage in an interactive process of division of knowledge? – New Institutional Economics does not answer this question. It is only interested in questions of interactions in view of a division of labor. Its central notion of transaction is not apt for the analysis of the interactive process of division of knowledge, which is about knowledge sharing. The contribution of the article mainly consists in the attempt to provide a New Institutional Economics basis to division of knowledge.